Based on assembly and shaping, discrete manufacturing creates final products, such as automobiles and electronics, from prefabricated components.
In the past, mass production of discrete products might have been able to succeed with bureaucratic systems and closely supervised divisions of labor.
But as globalization grows, traditional manufacturing is being challenged by an evolving marketplace and economy, where obstacles continuously rise and rules constantly change.
It is up to managers to meet the same goals and exceed past performance, while navigating through a myriad of danger and uncertainty.
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